So, When is Purim And What is The Feast of Purim?

Here I will explain to you the significance of Purim, which will hopefully make your faith stronger and give you a better understanding of the scriptures.

When is Purim and how did the Appointed day Purim come about?

It is always good to know when an appoint day was instituted according to biblical interpretation . Through researching the bible we find that this feast came about during the Persian and Media rule.

This means we can date it back to around 530BC which is basically just over 500 years before the Messiah came.

What Does Purim Mean?

Esther 9:24,26

24Because Haman the son of Hammedatha, the Agagite, the enemy of all the Jews, had devised against the Jews to destroy them, and had cast Pur, that is, the lot, to consume them, and to destroy them;

26Wherefore they called these days Purim after the name of Pur. Therefore for all the words of this letter, and of that which they had seen concerning this matter, and which had come unto them,

As you can see it is because an enemy of the Jews Haman cast lots on the Jews to destroy them that Purim got its name. Casting lots are basically using straws or pebbles to come to a decision about something.

Purim has come to be a two day celebration in remembrance of Israel being save by the Most High against the plan of Haman, who was appointed as a prince over the other princes in the Persian Empire which was run by King Ashasuerus at the time.

Esther 3:1

1After these things did king Ahasuerus promote Haman the son of Hammedatha the Agagite, and advanced him, and set his seat above all the princes that were with him.

Short Story About Haman

Once Haman is appointed as Prince in the region from India to Ethiopia, he is able to gain reverence from the kings servants.

Shortly after Haman’s promotion an issue arises where by Haman expects reverence from a Jew called Mordecais who would not bow or reverence Haman. This causes Haman to become angry, and from that point on he wants to Destroy Mordecai and all the Jews scattered in that region.

Esther 3:5-6

5And when Haman saw that Mordecai bowed not, nor did him reverence, then was Haman full of wrath.

6And he thought scorn to lay hands on Mordecai alone; for they had shewed him the people of Mordecai: wherefore Haman sought to destroy all the Jews that were throughout the whole kingdom of Ahasuerus, even the people of Mordecai.

It just so happens during the time that Haman is devising his plan to kill all the Jews, that the King Ahasuerus is having trouble in his kingdom, because his wife refuses to come when called by him.

Because of the message that Ashasereus wife could be giving to other women throughout the kingdom the king, opts to put her out of the kingdom and find a new wife.

One of the women that is presented before the king turns out to be Mordecais (the Benjamites) niece who he has been brought up by him from a child.

Esther 2:5-7

5Now in Shushan the palace there was a certain Jew, whose name was Mordecai, the son of Jair, the son of Shimei, the son of Kish, a Benjamite;

6Who had been carried away from Jerusalem with the captivity which had been carried away with Jeconiah king of Judah, whom Nebuchadnezzar the king of Babylon had carried away.

7And he brought up Hadassah, that is, Esther, his uncle’s daughter: for she had neither father nor mother, and the maid was fair and beautiful; whom Mordecai, when her father and mother were dead, took for his own daughter.

After Esther is eventually chosen from the women, that are brought to the king to be his wife, there is a plot by some of the Kings men, which Mordecai makes Esther aware of, who in turn tells the king and prevents the plan from happening.

Esther is Chosen to be Queen

Esther 2:8-10

8So it came to pass, when the king’s commandment and his decree was heard, and when many maidens were gathered together unto Shushan the palace, to the custody of Hegai, that Esther was brought also unto the king’s house, to the custody of Hegai, keeper of the women.

9And the maiden pleased him, and she obtained kindness of him; and he speedily gave her her things for purification, with such things as belonged to her, and seven maidens, which were meet to be given her, out of the king’s house: and he preferred her and her maids unto the best place of the house of the women.

10Esther had not shewed her people nor her kindred: for Mordecai had charged her that she should not shew it.

The Plan Against the King

Esther 2:21-23

21In those days, while Mordecai sat in the king’s gate, two of the king’s chamberlains, Bigthan and Teresh, of those which kept the door, were wroth, and sought to lay hands on the king Ahasuerus.

22And the thing was known to Mordecai, who told it unto Esther the queen; and Esther certified the king thereof in Mordecai’s name.

23And when inquisition was made of the matter, it was found out; therefore they were both hanged on a tree: and it was written in the book of the chronicles before the king.

All these events take place before Haman is appointed, and the king is also not aware that Esther her self is a Jew.

So Haman gets the king to support his idea of killing all the Jews in all the 27 places they are scattered within the Persian kings territory.

Esther 3:12-13

12Then were the king’s scribes called on the thirteenth day of the first month, and there was written according to all that Haman had commanded unto the king’s lieutenants, and to the governors that were over every province, and to the rulers of every people of every province according to the writing thereof, and to every people after their language; in the name of king Ahasuerus was it written, and sealed with the king’s ring.

13And the letters were sent by posts into all the king’s provinces, to destroy, to kill, and to cause to perish, all Jews, both young and old, little children and women, in one day, even upon the thirteenth day of the twelfth month, which is the month Adar, and to take the spoil of them for a prey.

So, from the time that all the places ruled by the king receive the decree to destroy the Jews in their regions there is hardship for the Jews.

When Mordecai hears about this decree, he is upset and so petitions his niece to speak to the king. The custom of the king is that he does not see people unless he specifically asks for them, and anybody that attempts to see him with out permission is to be put to death.

Mordecai reminds Esther that she her self is a Jew and that she should still try and speak to the king. And for this reason it maybe why she has become Queen, but even if it’s not that the Most High would still bring a solution.

Esther 4:13-14

13Then Mordecai commanded to answer Esther, Think not with thyself that thou shalt escape in the king’s house, more than all the Jews.

14For if thou altogether holdest thy peace at this time, then shall there enlargement and deliverance arise to the Jews from another place; but thou and thy father’s house shall be destroyed: and who knoweth whether thou art come to the kingdom for such a time as this?

As you can imagine it could have been easy for Esther to desert the Jews and stay in the palace, away from the problems her people were going through.

Esther agrees to Mordecais request of her and asks him and other Jews to fast and pray for 3 days, so that she can win the favour of King Ahaserus. She also fasts.

Fasting for Esther

Esther 4:15-16

15Then Esther bade them return Mordecai this answer,

16Go, gather together all the Jews that are present in Shushan, and fast ye for me, and neither eat nor drink three days, night or day: I also and my maidens will fast likewise; and so will I go in unto the king, which is not according to the law: and if I perish, I perish.

After Esther has finished her fast she takes the risk and puts on her royal garments to approach the king and finds favour. The king grants her a request, and he is also willing to give here half the kingdom.

Esther asks for a meeting with the king and Haman at a banquet instead. The king grants this request. the night before the banquet the king is unable to sleep and calls to his servants to bring his records.

Within the records he finds the account where Mordecai saved him from his death. The king wants to repay Mordecai for this, so asks Haman what a worthy gift is for a man he wishes to reward. Haman assumes the king is referring to him.

Early that day Haman runs into Mordecai and plans to hang him so builds a gallow (instrument for hanging people) for it.

Mordecai is Honoured

Esther 6:6-11

6So Haman came in. And the king said unto him, What shall be done unto the man whom the king delighteth to honour? Now Haman thought in his heart, To whom would the king delight to do honour more than to myself?

7And Haman answered the king, For the man whom the king delighteth to honour,

8Let the royal apparel be brought which the king useth to wear, and the horse that the king rideth upon, and the crown royal which is set upon his head:

9And let this apparel and horse be delivered to the hand of one of the king’s most noble princes, that they may array the man withal whom the king delighteth to honour, and bring him on horseback through the street of the city, and proclaim before him, Thus shall it be done to the man whom the king delighteth to honour.

10Then the king said to Haman, Make haste, and take the apparel and the horse, as thou hast said, and do even so to Mordecai the Jew, that sitteth at the king’s gate: let nothing fail of all that thou hast spoken.

11Then took Haman the apparel and the horse, and arrayed Mordecai, and brought him on horseback through the street of the city, and proclaimed before him, Thus shall it be done unto the man whom the king delighteth to honour.

Now Haman knows that he can not go through with his plan of killing Mordecai. When Esther is asked by the king what she wants she explains to the king the play of Haman.

This leads to Haman being hanged on the gallows he made for Mordecai.

Esther Making Her Request

Esther 7:2-6

2And the king said again unto Esther on the second day at the banquet of wine, What is thy petition, queen Esther? and it shall be granted thee: and what is thy request? and it shall be performed, even to the half of the kingdom.

3Then Esther the queen answered and said, If I have found favour in thy sight, O king, and if it please the king, let my life be given me at my petition, and my people at my request:

4For we are sold, I and my people, to be destroyed, to be slain, and to perish. But if we had been sold for bondmen and bondwomen, I had held my tongue, although the enemy could not countervail the king’s damage.

5Then the king Ahasuerus answered and said unto Esther the queen, Who is he, and where is he, that durst presume in his heart to do so?

6And Esther said, The adversary and enemy is this wicked Haman. Then Haman was afraid before the king and the queen.

Haman Hanged Instead of Mordecai

Esther 7:10

10So they hanged Haman on the gallows that he had prepared for Mordecai. Then was the king’s wrath pacified.

After this the king reverses the decree that was sent out to all his regions and gives the Jews the power to destroy their enemies in each region.

Jews given power by Persian King to avenge themselves

Esther 8:11-13

11Wherein the king granted the Jews which were in every city to gather themselves together, and to stand for their life, to destroy, to slay and to cause to perish, all the power of the people and province that would assault them, both little ones and women, and to take the spoil of them for a prey,

12Upon one day in all the provinces of king Ahasuerus, namely, upon the thirteenth day of the twelfth month, which is the month Adar.

13The copy of the writing for a commandment to be given in every province was published unto all people, and that the Jews should be ready against that day to avenge themselves on their enemies.

The avenging of the Jews took place on the 13th of the 12th month Adar. During which time many peoples of other nations were converted to the faith (real Christianity) of the Jews.

Esther 8:17

17And in every province, and in every city, whithersoever the king’s commandment and his decree came, the Jews had joy and gladness, a feast and a good day. And many of the people of the land became Jews; for the fear of the Jews fell upon them.

Also Haman’s 10 sons were killed

Days of Purim Established

Esther 9:20-21

20And Mordecai wrote these things, and sent letters unto all the Jews that were in all the provinces of the king Ahasuerus, both nigh and far,

21To stablish this among them, that they should keep the fourteenth day of the month Adar, and the fifteenth day of the same, yearly,

So now you can see the significance of Purim, a time when all the Jews could have been wiped out, the Most High looked out for them.


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