WHAT IS THE NEW COVENANT?
There is a lot to be said about the New Covenant, this term is sometimes mistaken for the New testament, and for the most part they are the same thing let me explain briefly…
***The word Covenant and Testament are used to mean the same thing where found in the old and new testament scriptures***
Here’s the Scriptures definition of a testament or covenant …
16For where a testament is, there must also of necessity be the death of the testator.
So from the above scriptures we see that a testament is a will, which required a death to be enforced.
The prophet Jeremiah by the power of the Ruach Kodesh (Holy Spirit) prophesied the arrival of a New covenant
30But every one shall die for his own iniquity: every man that eateth the sour
grape, his teeth shall be set on edge.
31Behold, the days come, saith the LORD, that I will make a new covenant with the house of Israel, and with the house of Judah:
32Not according to the covenant that I made with their fathers in the day that I took them by the hand to bring them out of the land of Egypt; which my covenant they brake, although I was an husband unto them, saith the LORD:
So we see that there was going to be a new covenant different from the one made when Israel came out of Egypt.
Let’s find out what the new covenant is by using new testament scriptures, in the book of Hebrews we find explanation of how the new covenant has been established…
7For if that first covenant had been faultless, then should no place have been sought for the second.
8For finding fault with them, he saith, Behold, the days come, saith the Lord, when I will make a new covenant with the house of Israel and with the house of Judah:
9Not according to the covenant that I made with their fathers in the day when I took them by the hand to lead them out of the land of Egypt; because they continued not in my covenant, and I regarded them not, saith the Lord.
10For this is the covenant that I will make with the house of Israel after those days, saith the Lord; I will put my laws into their mind, and write them in their hearts: and I will be to them a God, and they shall be to me a people:
So it’s said that this new covenant would mean that the “laws” would be put in the minds and hearts of Israel, let’s find out what this covenant which required a death is..?
11But Christ being come an high priest of good things to come, by a greater and more perfect tabernacle, not made with hands, that is to say, not of this building;
12Neither by the blood of goats and calves, but by his own blood he entered in once into the holy place, having obtained eternal redemption for us.
13For if the blood of bulls and of goats, and the ashes of an heifer sprinkling the unclean, sanctifieth to the purifying of the flesh:
14How much more shall the blood of Christ, who through the eternal Spirit offered himself without spot to God, purge your conscience from dead works to serve the living God?
Above we see that the Messiah has replaced the animal sacrifices by offering him self as an eternal sacrifice, this explains how the laws are to be written on our minds and hearts, and would no longer need to be taught to us by other men.
As the Messiah said…
15If ye love me, keep my commandments.
16And I will pray the Father, and he shall give you another Comforter, that he may abide with you for ever;
17Even the Spirit of truth; whom the world cannot receive, because it seeth him not, neither knoweth him: but ye know him; for he dwelleth with you, and shall be in you.
18I will not leave you comfortless: I will come to you.
17Think not that I am come to destroy the law, or the prophets: I am not come to destroy, but to fulfil.
So this being said our acceptance of the Messiahs sacrifice and laws and commandments will give the Holy Spirit an invitation to put the laws in our heart and mind. It’s important to make a distinction between a Moral law and the sacrificial laws, which required work on our part’s.
Some have argued that we no longer have to keep the commandments or Laws in the scriptures because our faith in the Messiah’s sacrifice for sins takes care of this? But was this accepted practice by the prophets in the scripture? lets see what Paul has to say…
Paul addressed this issue when he speaks about faith
30Seeing it is one God, which shall justify the circumcision by faith, and uncircumcision through faith.
31Do we then make void the law through faith? God forbid: yea, we establish the law.
Clearly Paul was in support of keeping the (moral) laws, so as you read earlier the only laws that were fulfilled were the sacrificial and offering laws, but is there more scripture to support this?
26And after threescore and two weeks shall Messiah be cut off, but not for himself: and the people of the prince that shall come shall destroy the city and the sanctuary; and the end thereof shall be with a flood, and unto the end of the war desolations are determined.
27And he shall confirm the covenant with many for one week: and in the midst of the week he shall cause the sacrifice and the oblation to cease, and for the overspreading of abominations he shall make it desolate, even until the consummation, and that determined shall be poured upon the desolate.
The scriptures above explain the covenant the Messiah has fulfilled, it says he was to be “cut off” more – precisely sacrificed. When we read further we see the purpose of his sacrifice, which was to establish a new covenant without sacrifices and oblations (offerings). Sacrifice and offering laws can be found mostly in Leviticus Chapters 1 to 10. (Note there are some laws within these chapters that were not concerned with sacrifice, so be sure to read through these chapters)
What were offerings?
Offerings consisted of the various drink, incense and animal offerings that were more often than not present to the Priests, mostly to atone for sins or to show gratitude to the Most High.
So we see that Messiah’s Death established a new covenant or testament, which means we need to believe in by having faith – A lot of the evidence for this is shown when we keep the laws (moral laws, not animal sacrifices) which were given in the (law and the Prophets) old testament scriptures.
***Rejecting the Laws which are for the Moral laws that God has given to us, means that you are not being lead by the Holy Spirit, therefore the laws can not be written in your mind or heart.***
1For the law having a shadow of good things to come, and not the very image of the things, can never with those sacrifices which they offered year by year continually make the comers thereunto perfect.
2For then would they not have ceased to be offered? because that the worshippers once purged should have had no more conscience of sins.
3But in those sacrifices there is a remembrance again made of sins every year.
4For it is not possible that the blood of bulls and of goats should take away sins.
5Wherefore when he cometh into the world, he saith, Sacrifice and offering thou wouldest not, but a body hast thou prepared me:
6In burnt offerings and sacrifices for sin thou hast had no pleasure.
7Then said I, Lo, I come (in the volume of the book it is written of me,) to do thy will, O God.
8Above when he said, Sacrifice and offering and burnt offerings and offering for sin thou wouldest not, neither hadst pleasure therein; which are offered by the law;
9Then said he, Lo, I come to do thy will, O God. He taketh away the first, that he may establish the second.
In conclusion we see that it was never the Most Highs intention for Israel to sacrifice animals, but it became a custom he was willing to accept.
If you were wondering whether or not the laws that involved stoning people are still in effect? the answer is NO.
The Messiah Fulfilled this law as you can see below
1Jesus went unto the mount of Olives.
2And early in the morning he came again into the temple, and all the people came unto him; and he sat down, and taught them.
3And the scribes and Pharisees brought unto him a woman taken in adultery; and when they had set her in the midst,
4They say unto him, Master, this woman was taken in adultery, in the very act.
5Now Moses in the law commanded us, that such should be stoned: but what sayest thou?
6This they said, tempting him, that they might have to accuse him. But Jesus stooped down, and with his finger wrote on the ground, as though he heard them not.
7So when they continued asking him, he lifted up himself, and said unto them, He that is without sin among you, let him first cast a stone at her.
8And again he stooped down, and wrote on the ground.
9And they which heard it, being convicted by their own conscience, went out one by one, beginning at the eldest, even unto the last: and Jesus was left alone, and the woman standing in the midst.
10When Jesus had lifted up himself, and saw none but the woman, he said unto her, Woman, where are those thine accusers? hath no man condemned thee?
11She said, No man, Lord. And Jesus said unto her, Neither do I condemn thee: go, and sin no more.
The Messiah knew that the priest were also guilty of sin, as we are today, so he fulfilled the law of stoning. By the time of the Messiahs arrival, it was clear that Israel’s priests had divided loyalties. In most cases they were only appearing to keep the laws of God, rather than actually doing so.
I hope that cleared things up for some one, we have a new covenant but… ***THE LAWS ARE NOT DONE AWAY WITH****
Peace and shalom.